Orienspace Technology (Shandong) Co., Ltd is a commercial aerospace enterprise in China founded in 2020. The company designs and manufactures Gravity series launch vehicles. Through the research and development of the Gravity"series of launch vehicles, OrienSpace has created a series of diversified aerospace transportation products such as single-use, recyclable and reusable, and manned flight, and quickly formed a low-cost, large-scale, efficient and fast launch service capabilities, covering various types of orbits such as LEO, SSO, GTO and GEO. Gravity-1 made its maiden flight in January 2024, and it is able to carry 6.5-ton-payload to the LEO, allowing for deploying large-scale satellite constellations. Gravity-1 is positioned to meet the needs of large-scale networking of small and medium-sized satellites in low orbit. It is characterized by large space/simple launch/quick response. It is the world's first all-solid bundled medium-sized launch vehicle. Gravity-1 adopts a three-stage and a half configuration of core stage + boost, equipped with 4 boosters. The core stage and boost stage both use solid engines and flexible swing nozzles. The third core stage can also use liquid oxygen kerosene. engine to further enhance the carrying capacity.


Gravity-1 Name: Gravity-1 (Yinli-1 / YL-1)
Manufacturer: OrienSpace
Height: 29,4 m / 96 ft
Fairing diameter: 4,2 m / 13,7 ft
Mass: 405 ton
  • LEO: 6,5 ton / 13,000 lbs
  • SSO: 4,2 ton / 8,400 lbs
Stages: 4 (4 x solid fuel)
Thrust: 5,880 kN
Cost per launch: Unknown
Launch sites:
  • Floating barge in the Yellow Sea (China)
First launch: January 11, 2024


Gravity-1 launch statistics

Images: OrienSpace


SpaceShipTwo Name: SpaceShipTwo
Manufacturer: The Spaceship Company
Operator: Virgin Galactic
Lenght: 18,3 m / 60 ft
Wingspan: 8,3 m / 27 ft
Mass: 9,7 t / 21,470 lb
Maximum speed: 4,000 km/h / 2,500 mph
Service ceiling: 110,000 m / 360,000 ft
Mission: Suborbital manned spaceflight
Crew: 2 + 6 passengers
Stages: 1
Engines first stage: 1 x RocketMotorTwo
Ticket price: US$ 250,000
Launch sites:

First launch: 13/12/2018


SpaceShipTwo launch statistics

SpaceShipTwo photos

Images: Virgin Galactic

Zhuque-2 is the second rocket developed by the Chinese private space launch provider LandSpace. Zhuque-2 is a medium-sized rocket powered by liquid oxygen and methane capable of lifting 4,000 kg of payload into a 200 km Low Earth Orbit (LEO), or 2,000 kg of payload into a 500 km Sun-Synchronous Orbit (SSO). This private rocket will have a liftoff weight of 216 metric tons and use 4 TQ-12 methalox engines on the first stage each with a thrust of 67 metric tonnes. This is the first methane-powered rocket that is used to bring satellites into space. Methane is the primary component of natural gas. As a rocket fuel, it is more efficient, easier to produce and more environmentally friendly than traditional fuels such as refined kerosene. LandSpace was founded in 2015 by Zhang Changwu (from Tsinghua University) and is based in Beijing.


Zhuque-2 Name: Zhuque-2 (ZQ-2)
Manufacturer: Landspace
Height: 48,8 m
Diameter: 3,3 m
Mass: 216 t
  • LEO: 4 t
  • SSO: 1,5 t
Stages: 2
Engines first stage: 4 x TQ-12 (methalox)
Engines second stage: 1 x TQ-12 (methalox)
Cost per launch: ?
Launch sites:
  • Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center (China)
First launch: 14/12/2022

Zhuque rockets

Zhuque-2 launch statistics

Images: LandSpace